In this podcast, Jenny and Adam outline the pre-briefing and debriefing moves educators can use to build a psychologically safe environment or "safe container" for learning.1 Jenny notes that psychological safety is absolutely essential in simulation because healthcare providers are putting their identity as a clinician up for critique. Consistently building a "safe container" is key because it is not how safe the facilitator believes the learners are that is important, but how safe the learners feel. Key elements such as "walking your talk," humor, and calming our brains to allow us to listen are discussed along with their associated challenges.
For step-by-step suggestions for building a psychologically safe learning environment during pre-briefing and debriefing, more content on this topic, consider reviewing the DASH Rater Handbook Elements 1 and 2. To self-assess your own pre-briefing and debriefing efforts check out the Dash Instructor-Version Instrument.
In this podcast, Walter Eppich and Michaela Kolbe talk about the use of circular questions in debriefing healthcare teams. As a psychologist and family therapist, Michaela used circular questions to promote perspective taking and reflection about family interactions. In this podcast, Michaela explains how she adapted this approach for healthcare debriefing and provides multiple examples. She also discusses an article she and her team wrote entitled: "How to debrief teamwork interactions: using circular questions to explore and change team interaction patterns."
1. Kolbe M, Marty A, Seelandt J, Grande B. How to debrief teamwork interactions: using circular questions to explore and change team interaction patterns. Adv Simul. 2016;1(1). doi: 10.1186/s41077-016-0029-7